Communism


Communism
   In 1909, the Marxist wing was expelled from the re visionist Socialist Democratic Party (SDP). Under the direction of David Wijnkoop (1876–1941), the new political party adopted the name of the Communistische Partij Holland (Communist Party of Holland) in 1918. Some of its members were internationally famous in the Marxist movement, such as astronomer Anthonie Pannekoek and the syndicalist Henk Sneevliet. During the 1937 elections, the Communists won only three seats (out of 100) in Parliament, but af ter World War II, this number rose to 10 in 1946. Later, however, a decline set in, until in 1986 the renamed Communistische Partij Ned erland (CPN) lost its representation in Parliament. The last success of the CPN had been its share in the “Stop the neutron bomb” campaign in the late 1970s, with a demonstration of some 50,000 people and a petition with 1.2 million signatures in 1978. In 1989, the party merged with other progressive parties into a new party, GroenLinks (GL, Green Left). Since 1992, only a new small Communist Party lives on, particularly in the eastern part of the province of Gronin gen, the Nieuwe Communistische Partij Nederland (NCPN). Author Theun Uilke de Vries (1907–2005) remained a Marxist un til his death. One of his hundred or so novels was Het meisje met het rode haar (1956), which dealt with the Communist resistance fighter Jannetje Johanna (“Hannie”) Schaft (1920–1945), who was executed by the Nazis.
   See also SOCIALISTISCHE PARTIJ.

Historical Dictionary of the Netherlands. . 2012.

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  • Communism — • In its more general signification communism refers to any social system in which all property, or at least all productive property, is owned by the group, or community, instead of by individuals Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • COMMUNISM — COMMUNISM, the international revolutionary Marxist movement that evolved under lenin s leadership from the Bolshevik faction (created in 1903 in the Russian Social Democratic Party) to become the ruling party of Russia after the October… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Communism —    Communism is a theory and system of social and political organization that negates the capitalist profit based system of private ownership and argues for a communist society in which the means of production are communally owned. Largely shaped …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Communism — Com‧mun‧ism [ˈkɒmjnɪzm ǁ ˈkɑː ] noun [uncountable] ECONOMICS a political system in which, in principle, the government or the workers control the production of food and goods, and there are no different social classes Communist adjective : •… …   Financial and business terms

  • Communism — Com mu*nism, n. [F. communisme, fr. commun common.] A scheme of equalizing the social conditions of life; specifically, a scheme which contemplates the abolition of inequalities in the possession of property, as by distributing all wealth equally …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • communism — A system of social organization in which goods are held in common. Dictionary from West s Encyclopedia of American Law. 2005. communism A system of social organization in which goods are held in common …   Law dictionary

  • Communism —    Communism as well as anarchism, socialism, and other variants of the left has had a long tradition in South America, closely connected with the rise of trade unions. The traditional left in Chile, dominated by the Partido Comunista (PC,… …   Historical Dictionary of the “Dirty Wars”

  • communism — social system based on collective ownership, 1843, from Fr. communisme (c.1840) from commun (O.Fr. comun; see COMMON (Cf. common)) + isme. Originally a theory of society; as name of a political system, 1850, a translation of Ger. Kommunismus… …   Etymology dictionary

  • Communism — UK / US or Communism UK [ˈkɒmjʊˌnɪz(ə)m] / US [ˈkɑmjəˌnɪzəm] noun [uncountable] * a political and economic system in which individual people cannot own property or industries and in which people of all social classes are treated equally …   English dictionary

  • communism — UK / US or Communism UK [ˈkɒmjʊˌnɪz(ə)m] / US [ˈkɑmjəˌnɪzəm] noun [uncountable] * a political and economic system in which individual people cannot own property or industries and in which people of all social classes are treated equally …   English dictionary

  • communism — [n] socialist government Bolshevism, collectivism, Leninism, Marxism, rule of the proletariat, socialism, state ownership, totalitarianism; concept 301 Ant. capitalism, democracy …   New thesaurus